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Kahariang Tundun or Kaharian ng Tondo
(Kingdom of Tondo)
Former Philippine Kingdom
Tondo, also referred to as Tundo, Tundun, Tundok, (Chinese characters: 東都) was a Philippine fortified kingdom whose capital was located in the Manila Bay area, specifically north of the Pasig river, on Luzon island. It is one of the settlements mentioned by the Philippines’ earliest historical record, the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. Originally an Indianized kingdom in the 10th century, Tondo initiated diplomatic ties with China during the Ming Dynasty, and thus became a dominant force in regional trade. (SeeLuções). Its regional prominence in trade and alliance with Brunei‘s Sultan Bolkiah in 1500 led to its peak age as a thalassocraticforce in the northern archipelago. When the Spanish first arrived in Tondo in 1570 and defeated the local rulers in the Manila Bayarea in 1591, Tondo came under the administration of Manila (a Spanish fort built on the remains of Kota Seludong), ending its existence as an independent state. This subjugated Tondo continues to exist today as a district of the city of Manila.
Notable monarchs of Tondo
The Spanish advent (1570–1591)
Legazpi himself returned to take the settlement on June 19, 1591. When the Spanish forces approached the natives burned Maynila down and fled to Tondo and other neighboring towns.
Legaspi began constructing a fort on the ashes of Maynila and made overtures of friendship to Rajah Lakandula of Tondo, who accepted. The defeated Sulaiman refused to submit to the Spaniards, but failed to get the support of Lakandula or of the Pampangan and Pangasinan settlements to the north. When Sulaiman and a force of Tagalog warriors attacked the Spaniards in the battle of Bangcusay, he was finally defeated and killed.
This defeat marked the end of rebellion against the Spanish amongst the Pasig river settlements, and Lakandula’s Tondo surrendered its sovereignty, submitting to the authority of the new Spanish capital, Manila.